IBS Types Diagnoses Symptoms and Medication

Are you a patient of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)?

If you do not know the answer, you will be able to diagnose IBS after reading this article.

Because we will discuss it in the following form:

  • Types of IBS
  • Symptoms and signs
  • Causes and stimuli
  • How can be IBS diagnosed ?
  • Prevention from IBS
  • Food Cautions
  • Medication
  • Psychological Therapy

What is IBS?

IBS is some kind of disorder in the large intestine. IBS means a change in bowel habits such as constipation or diarrhea. Abdominal pain, bloating, and rectal urgency are the other causes of Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Interestingly, people do not take it seriously as a disease. One reason for not taking IBS as a serious disease is that IBS does not damage other organs of the body. However, IBS destroys the quality of life. It may disrupt your whole life, your work, your relationship, and your sexual life.

Types of IBS

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) can be classified into 3 major types like

  • D-IBS: Diarrhea-predominant
  • C-IBS: Constipation-predominant
  • A-IBS: Intermittent symptoms
    of D-IBS and C-IBS
ibs types

Signs and Symptoms of IBS

There are some common symptoms of IBS in men and women. 6 common symptoms of IBS are mentioned below

Cramping and Pain

Abdominal pain is the most common symptom of IBS. It is a chance that patient of IBS has been suffering from belly pain for at least 3 days’ in a month

Diarrhea

Prevalent and loose stools are other symptoms of IBS. Diarrhea is most common in D-IBS. In D-IBS stool of patient may contain mucus often

Constipation

Long-lasting constipation is another symptom of IBS. Infrequent stools and pain during stools are the signs of C-IBS

Gas and Bloating

Another major symptom that can ruin your social life is gas or bloating. Due to irregular movement of bowel and several other reasons, the stomach produces gas and bloating which will bring uncomforted situation for the patient

Tiredness

Tiredness and fatigue are also counterproductive symptoms of IBS.  Patient with Irritable Bowel Syndrome feels tiredness and sleepiness all the time. This condition of patient destroys the working life badly

Depression and Anxiety

Due to tiredness and sleepiness, the mental condition of patient worsens more which leads towards depression. Moreover, it is not clear that depression is a cause or symptom of IBS. Due to depression, bowel habits can also change

IBS symptoms in Females

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  • During menstruation IBS symptoms in females are more prevalent than normal days
  • There are more chances of Hysterectomy with IBS patient

Causes of IBS

With technological and biological advancement, it is easy to know the causes of IBS. But exact causes of IBS are still unknown. Following may be the causes of IBS

  • Irregular movement of Muscle in the intestine
  • Dysfunctional nerves present in a digestive system
  • Overgrowth of bacteria in bowel
  • Increase or decrease in a number of microflora (Beneficial Bacteria)

Triggers of IBS

IBS may aggravate by following factors

Foods

Alcohol - Chocolate - Caffeine - Carbonated Drinks - Fried and fatty foods - Diets having high proteins - Cheese and milk

Working Situations

More stress - Depression - Anxiety

Hormones

Hormones changes in women

Diagnosis

There are no hard and fast rules and methods to diagnose IBS. It can be diagnosed by several methods.

Rome Diagnostic Criteria

In Rome Diagnostic Criteria, Physician might diagnose IBS by above-mentioned symptoms. If symptoms exist for more than 3 months’, it may be IBS disease.

Stool tests, Lactose intolerance tests are other methods to diagnose IBS.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome Treatment

ibs treatment

In past, Fiber supplementation was a way of treatment of IBS. Fiber supplementation is not enough to treat IBS. IBS can be treated by following some dos’ and don’ts like

Dos:

  • Regular Exercise
  • Homemade Meal
  • Use Porridge as diet
  • Linseeds
  • Inclusion of 25grams fiber in daily foods
  • Reducing stress and depression
  • Enough Sleep

Don’ts:

  • Excess of tea and coffee
  • Alcohol
  • Chocolate
  • Sweets
  • Skipping meals
  • Fatty and oily foods
  • Eat quickly
  • Avoid vegetables like
  • Cabbage
  • Beans
  • Onions
  • Broccoli
  • Garlic
  • Onion

Medication

For C-IBS:

  • Psyllium can control constipation
  • Magnesium hydroxide Oral reduces the amount of acid in stomach and control constipation
  • Docusate works for softening stool and reduces the effects of constipation
  • Senna (Sennosides) may be used to cure constipation

For D-IBS:

  • Florastor is used to prevent diarrhea
  • Lonox is another medicine which is used for D-IBS
  • Motofen is also used to treat loose stool and for D-IBS

Some other Medicines for Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome can be performed by following drugs

    1. Dicyclomine Hydro Chloric Acid is used to control intestinal pain especially in case of IBS.
    2. Rifaximin can be used to treat bacterial infection and IBS can be treated by this drug
    3. Linaclotide increases the amount of fluid in the intestine and helps to speed up food movement.
    4. Sertraline can be used to reduce the impacts of depression if depression is a cause of IBS.

Psychological therapy for IBS

The psychological therapy uses for IBS treatment. In psychological therapy, efforts are made to reduce the stress of patient

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is an attempt to change following situations of patients;

  • Habitual Thoughts
  • Feelings
  • Behavior
  • Negative Moods

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